# Plotting Equations that Bifurcate

Alex Tweedly alex at tweedly.net
Fri Oct 30 19:12:38 EDT 2020

```On 30/10/2020 22:40, Roger Guay via use-livecode wrote:
> Let’s try this again after spellchecking:
>
>
> Yes, yours is a good example of a bifurcated line. But now imagine producing this line programmatically with an equation that:
>
> Produces a constant y value of 149 as x progresses from 35 to 235 (no problem)
> Then produces 2 different but simultaneous values of y as x progresses from 235 to 335. This is the problem as you don’t want the end point of the separated lines to connect. If you place an empty line in the points after each iteration beyond x = 235 then you end up with the bifurcated lines being points rather than a solid line.
>
> How do plotting programs handle this situation????

Here are two different ways you could do it.

1. simple - assume there would (could) be two Y values for any x, and
just calculate two series, and combine them for output.

2. harder - for each x value, keep track of the previous y value for
each series, and if necessary, put in a 'skip' plus new value plus skip ...

NB makes for a more complex polygon; each new x value after bifurcation
results in 5 lines added to the points.

on mouseup
local tSeries1, tSeries2, thepoints
if the shiftkey is down then

-- the easy way - just allow for the possibility of two series of
points all along
repeat with i = 35 to 335
-- calculate series 1
if i < 235 then
put i,249 &CR after tSeries1
else
put i, 249+(i-235) &CR after tSeries1
end if
-- calculate series 2
if i < 235 then
-- do nothing - it's the same as series 1
else
put i, 249+2*(i-235) &CR after tSeries2
end if
end repeat

put tSeries1 &CR & tSeries2 into thePoints
set the points of grc "X" to thePoints
set the foregroundColor of grc "X" to "blue"
else
-- the harder way - multiple series ...
-- does each step for each series ... much more complex polygon,
but ...
local t1, t2, tLast1, tLast2
repeat with i = 35 to 335
-- calculate values
if i < 235 then
put 249 into t1
put 249 into t2
else
put 249+(i-235) into t1
put 249+2*(i-235) into t2
end if
-- put in series 1
if tLast1 is not empty then
put i-1, tLast1 &CR & i, t1 &CR after thePoints
end if
-- possibly put in series 2
if tLast1 <> tLast2 OR t1 <> t2 then
put CR after thePoints -- blank skip over to series 2 value
put i-1, tLast2 &CR & i, t2 &CR after thePoints
put CR after thePoints -- blank skip back to series 1
end if
put t1 into tLast1
put t2 into tLast2
end repeat
set the points of grc "X" to thePoints
set the foregroundColor of grc "X" to "red"
end if

end mouseup

```